Poker Tactic After the Turn
After the turn, bets double. Your judgment of opponents and the pot odds dictate when you should stay in the hand.
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When your opponents are on the draw against you, betting to protect your hand is necessary, even when they have the correct pot odds to call your bets. Many beginning poker players fall into the trap of not betting their good hands (thinking that this would alert their opponents that they have a good hand) and calling with weak hands in hopes of catching a winning card. This is the exact opposite of what should be done.
When you have the best hand, you must bet and force the other players to pay to draw you out. Letting them see additional cards without calling a bet is giving them free cards -the equivalent of giving them infinite pot odds. You must force opponents to make decisions. Don't worry about concealing the strength of your hand. You win more money betting with good cards because opponents learn to respect your bets and fold their marginal hands. You might win a showdown with a strong hand, but you always win when your opponents fold, no matter what your cards are.
Sometimes, when many players are contesting the pot, it is not correct to bet with the best hand. If many people are on a draw to beat you, the odds are that at least one of them will. This situation is known as implied collusion. If, for practical purposes, your opponents are colluding against you, it is better to stay in the hand as cheaply as possible. Implied collusion occurs most often when the pot is large from the beginning (many people called pre-flop raises) and everyone has the correct pot odds to stay, no matter how great the odds against their draw.
When you are on a draw, there are cases when it is correct to call bets when the pot is small, provided that the size of the pot you expect to win is large enough to justify calling the bet. In this case, you are basing your decision to play on implied pot odds -the ratio of the expected money in the pot against the cost to play. Estimating the implied odds requires you to judge your opponents' behavior and intentions. For example, in a small-pot game where you expect additional callers later on or in an additional round of betting, it is correct for you to call as well.
These following scenarios illustrate the importance of playing pot odds to your advantage.
Scenario 5- You hold A♣ J♠ and the flop is A♦ J♦ 3♣. You bet and everyone folds, except for one player who you suspect is on a flush draw. The turn card is 5♠, and he checks to you. Worried that the last card might be the diamond he needs, you check. The last card is indeed a diamond. He bets; you call. A showdown confirms her to have a flush.
You saved money on this hand by not betting your two pair at the turn, but you made a terrible play. Your opponent paid nothing to draw to her flush. He got a free card since he had nothing to 10se by staying in the hand. Four out of five times (80%), he will not hit the flush and you win the hand. You must make her pay to beat you. Over the long run, you will win much more money than you 10se.
Scenario 6-You hold A♣ 9♣ in a late position and the flop is 5♣ 8♣ K♦. There is a bet and seven callers including you. At the turn, a Q♠ appears. A bet is followed by a raise that six people call. The pot is now over $100, and you need to call a $12 bet to stay in. You hesitate, knowing that 80% of the time you will not make your flush.
Because of the large pot, you must call this bet. In this situation, you may win only one out of five tries, but the one $100 win is greater than the $60 cost of making this play five times. Over the long run, you will come out ahead. Your opponents are correct in making you pay to beat them, but you are correct in calling. However, if the pot contained only $40, your best play is to fold because the amount you win doesn't justify the cost.
Summary of Play After the Turn
If you have the best hand, make people pay to beat you.
If you are on a draw, make sure the pot size justifies the cost.
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